Feb 29 2012
Nicotine is a natural protection from the tobacco plant eating insects. Its widespread use as an insecticide crop farming is now accused of killing bees. Super toxin, drop in the fall of his more lethal than strychnine or poison Diamondback rattlesnake and three times deadlier than arsenic. Yet, amazingly, by chance, the chemical signature of this natural insecticide is so similar to the neurotransmitter acetylcholine that once in the brain it fits a variety of chemical lock allows its direct and indirect control over the flow of more than 200 neurons of chemicals, most importantly dopamine.
What are Dopamine pathways?
What is dopamine? It is difficult to understand nicotine addiction, or any other form of addiction, however, without basic knowledge of the basic motive of the brain neurotransmitter dopamine. Dopamine is a brain tract built teacher. It uses the desire, the desire or the desire to experience to get our attention when he wants to beat the house to the survival of the lesson to keep our people alive and well.
Have you ever wondered why it is so difficult to go without food, in fact, starve yourself to death, or for that matter, to die of thirst? Why do we seek acceptance of our colleagues want to communicate, and a desire to partner or sexual relations? Why do we feel anxious when bored, and “AAAH” sense of relief when we perform the task?
Remember the first time your parents are praised for keeping your color between the lines? Remember the “AAAH” sensation? It dopamine, meet your wish to succeed. Deep inside the primitive brain (limbic type) is the hardware, using the dopamine way to keep us in the drink, feed, and (there is “safety in numbers”), while achieving and playback.
When we feel hungry, our dopamine pathways in the currently stimulated, teasing us with impatience, “wanting” for food. If all the waiting, the anticipation can build in incentives, or even full-longs. Every bite we eat more to stimulate the flow of dopamine gastric peptides, finally, to tell the brain that we are willing to become full and satisfied.
But our brains are not limited to the creation and want to meet the survival of the species associated with events such as eating, drinking, communication, food, landscaping and sex. He was confident that we will not forget them in the future; we pay close attention to this activity.
Brain and writing partners, as each individual wishing to have been made in the most durable, high-definition memories the mind may be able to generate. This is achieved by way of hard wiring of dopamine neuro-transmission in our conscious memory banks (prefrontal cortex), where each is associated with an event that satisfied the way dopamine want, hunger and misery.
Common theme in addiction
Now ponder this. What happens if, by chance, there was an external chemical that, once injected into the bloodstream was small enough to pass through and cross the blood / brain barrier (a protective filter), and once in the brain was in some way to activate and turn on the path of dopamine scheme of our minds? Maybe that chemical captures the priorities of the teacher mad? If so, how long it takes before you continue to use chemicals as a result a person becomes more completely false convinced that the use of chemicals has been as important as food?
Food is thirsty, craves nicotine. “AAAH” willing to meet, taking bites “AAAH” willing to meet while the re-supply of nicotine. Welcome to the world of nicotine normal junkie, a world built on lies. For if we do not eat the food that we die, and if we stop using nicotine, we prosper.
Obviously, I’m simply very complex topic. While stimulation of the dopamine pathways is a thread between chemical dependence (including cocaine, heroin, methamphetamine, nicotine and alcohol), my simplified explanation does not explain why customers continue to use the first drug to the growing pile of dopamine way high-definition memories of asking them to to use more. It also does not explain why the majority of regular users of nicotine hooked, but not all, and why to quit smoking is often accompanied by withdrawal symptoms.
Ability of each chemical to produce a variety of “high” feeling, interacting with other neuro-chemicals and the ways .
In addition to improving the flow of dopamine, nicotine is a legal stimulant of the central nervous system, activates the body fight or flight. As a result, prevention has stimulated a high, allowing nicotine addicts to feel different or even superior to illicit drug users, who fill the prison world. This is despite the fact that this year addiction to smoking nicotine is expected to kill 17 times more Americans, like all drugs combined.
Although nicotine stimulates the nervous system, alcohol has the opposite effect in pushing it and slowing down normal brain function. Dopamine stimulation of heroin accompanied by a high of endorphins, resulting in a brief yet intense numbness or pain-relieving effect. Cocaine induced a high sense of euphoria associated with delay in the normal cleaning (reuptake) of several neurotransmitters (dopamine, serotonin and nor epinephrine), while the maximum speed of methamphetamine stimulant.
Again, the common thread between each of these relationships is that the brain dopamine tract were taken hostage and went out of the addict is completely false yet convinced that the continuation of drug use was important for the survival of their drug gave them the edge, and helped them cope that life without him would be terrible.
What we nicotine addicts could not see that our beliefs and thoughts about what the next patch was unworthy of belief. Once hooked, it was too late. Dopamine is a way to pay attention generated by the memories were so vivid and durable, they are quickly buried the memory of the rest of life without nicotine. Gone are our preliminary based on the memories of a peaceful, quiet and beauty of the mind that we once called home.
That’s why getting the drug is so difficult. That’s why half of the smokers we see every day, eventually smoke themselves to death. While their friends and family screaming frenzy of further self-destruction, their way of dopamine in the brain to scream even louder that continued drug use is as important as life itself. Who, if they think their limbic mind to ask that in the future to correct, or outside of the world asking them to stop?
Nicotine dependence and persistent mental illness disease
I’m sorry, but there’s just no good way to say it. Nicotine addiction, alcoholism, mental illness is real, and disease. While unable to fully and comfortably to arrest our chemical dependency, there is no cure. This is the time. Like alcoholism, there is only one rule. When we are free, the only one using only once, and we shall return. You see, it does not matter how much willpower we have, but how the teacher teaches the priorities of the brain as nerve and memory highways, which are recorded nicotine feedings years have left each of us is wired for relapse.
So why do some people have social smokers are able to take it or leave it, while the rest of us hooked? Referred to as “crushers”, they probably represent less than 10% of all smokers. Jealous? If so, and still use, do not worry this is normal. This is what the mind is enslaved, as a rule, dream, want to be like them to control what is uncontrollable for us.
Being immune to the drug is believed to be at least partly related to genetics. But 90% of daily users connected to a hard, spending millions studying the genetics of nicotine dependence is almost funny. Before you feel too sorry for yourself, imagine how it feels to be an alcoholic and had seen about 90% of those who do what you yourself can not turn around and leave. We just have to look at the 10% who were grinders.
On the other hand, every time we crusher, too, at least for our first two cigarettes and oral tobacco use. There was no desire, desire, thirst, hunger or desire for those first couple of smokes. Nicotine stimulates our nervous system, brain, without our asking us to come back and do it again. There was no dopamine “AAAH« relief of feeling like not enough, and nothing needs to replenish. But this may change.